Mycena xantholeuca Kühner

Encyclop. Mycol. 10: 314 (1938)

Mycena xantholeuca
NORWAY, Vestfold, Tjøme, Moutmarka 28.10.2017
A. Aronsen A26/17
, O-F-305817, NOBAS9023-21

Solitary, gregarious or fasciculate on litter or among moss and dead wood in both coniferous and broad-leaved forests, also found under Alnus at a latitude of 2000 m. (Robich 2003). Autumn. A rare species with a predominantly southern distribution. Known at least from Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Poland. Two Norwegian records.

Pileus 5-30 mm across, conical to convex-campanulate, hardly sulcate, +/- translucent-striate near the margin, pruinose, glabrescent, very pale greyish white, cream to somewhat yellowish white, the margin usually purer white, but also said to be more yellow. Lamellae 16-34 reaching the stipe, ascending, narrowly adnate, +/- decurrent with a short tooth, white, turning yellowish pink in the herbarium. Stipe 10-70 x 0.5-2.2 mm, hollow, equal, straight, curved below, smooth, glabrous, watery white to grey, darker towards the base; the base covered with fibrils. Odour none when fresh, recorded as of iodoform on drying out.

Basidia 25-29 x 6-8 µm, clavate, 4-spored, with sterigmata up to 7 µm long. Spores 8-10(-11) x 4.5-6(-7)µm, Q 1.5-2, Qav ~ 1.7, pip-shaped, smooth, amyloid. Cheilocystidia 15-35(-45) x 7-19.5 µm wide, forming a sterile band, clavate to obpyriform, often plump and non-stipitate, covered with comparatively few, fairly evenly spaced, straight or somewhat curved, cylindrical excrescences, some of which are apically capitate, 1-6(-18) x 1-1.5 µm. Pleurocystidia absent. Lamellar trama dextrinoid. Hyphae of the pileipellis 2-3.5 µm wide, somewhat gelatinized and forming dense masses, densely diverticulate, excrescences 1-2 x 0.5-1 µm, frequently also covered by small, almost globose cells 4-9 µm wide. Hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe 1.5-5 µm wide, not very densely covered with short, fine excrescences. Clamp connections present in all tissues.

The description is based on Kühner (1938), Robich (2003) and two Norwegian collections.

Because of the yellowish-white pileus and stipe, M. xantholeuca is looking quite similar to Atheniella flavoalba, but the latter differs in having non-amyloid spores, smooth, fusiform cheilocystidia and pleurocystidia, and variously shaped, smooth caulocystidia. M. xantholeuca is a member of sect. Filipedes and can be distinguished from the other species in the section on account of the white to yellowish white pileus, absence of pleurocystidia, and cheilocystidia covered with conspicuously capitate excrescences.

Esteve-Raventós & Moreno (1985) stated that the colour of the pileus in M. xantholeuca can be quite variable, from entirely white to more yellowish white, they did not notice any smell of iodoform, neither in fresh material nor in exciccates. They also stressed the similarity to Hemimycena lactea (Pers.: Fr.) Singer. This species can easily be told apart on account of non-amyloid spores and smooth, often somewhat capitate cystidia.

In my two Norwegian collections there was no smell of iodoform, neither in fresh condition nor when drying out.

One should notice that M. arcangeliana can appear in very pale forms.

Microphoto of the cheilocystidia

Microphotos of the hyphae of the pileipellis


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