Mycena haematopus (Pers.) P. Kumm.

Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 108 (1871)

© A. Aronsen
VESTFOLD, Holmestrand, Tangenbekken 23 July 2007

In small groups or fasciculate on fallen branches and decayed wood of deciduous trees, less frequently on conifers. Summer to autumn. Common and widespread in the area covered.

Pileus up to 25(-40) mm across, obtusely conical, campanulate to parabolical, somewhat flattening with age, with or without umbo, shallowly sulcate, translucent-striate, densely powdered or pruinose, glabrescent, hygrophanous, dark brown with a faint vinaceous shade at the centre, paler brown with a pinkish shade towards the margin, sometimes stained with purplish spots with age, drying pinkish white, the margin usually crenate. Lamellae 18-25 reaching the stipe, ascending, narrowly to broadly adnate, decurrent with a tooth, becoming dorsally intervenose, whitish to grey, developing more brownish flesh-colour or pale vinaceous, sometimes becoming stained with purplish spots in age; the edge concolorous, sometimes purplish brown to blackish brown. Stipe up to 60 x 2.5 mm, hollow, fragile, straight to curved, equal, terete to compressed, at first densely white-powdered, soon glabrescent, vinaceous red-brown, darker below, exuding a dark red-brown fluid when cut; the base densely covered with white fibrils. Odour indistinctive.

Basidia 27-37 x 8-11 µm, clavate, 4-spored, with sterigmata 5-7 µm long. Spores 8-9.5 x 5-6.5 µm, Q 1.2-1.5, Qav = 1.4, rather broadly pip-shaped, smooth, amyloid. Cheilocystidia 36-70 x 9-15 µm, forming a sterile band, fusiform, with or without reddish brown contents, apically passing into a usually slender neck, more rarely with the neck somewhat branched. Pleurocystidia similar, if present. Lamellar trama dextrinoid, vinescent in melzer's reagent. Hyphae of the pileipellis 2-4.5 µm wide, covered with fairly coarse, diverticulate excrescences 1-12 x 1-3 µm. Hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe 2-3.5 µm wide, smooth to sparsely covered with short cylindrical excrescences near the terminal cells; caulocystidia 20-55 x 3.5-12.5 µm, occuring in clusters, clavate to irregularly shaped, branched to very coarsely diverticulate. Clamp connections abundant at all tissues.

Microphotos of cheilocystidia 1

Microphotos of cheilocystidia 2

Microphotos of the hyphae of the pileipellis

Microphoto of the hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe

Microphotos of terminal cells (caulocystidia)

Microphotos of terminal cells (caulocystidia) -2

Lange (1914) described M. haematopus var. marginata, characterized by the lamellae having a reddish edge. Several authors, however, (e.g. Maas Geesteranus 1988d) have stated that the colouration of the lamellar edge in M. haematopus is too variable to have any taxonomic significance.

M. haematopus is the only member of sect. Galactopoda (Earle) Maas Geest., but it is not always easy to tell it apart from M. sanguinolenta belonging to sect. Sanguinolentae Maas Geest. The cheilocystidia of M. sanguinolenta are generally more sharply acuminate, but an even better feature to differentiate the two species is the shape of the caulocystidia. In M. sanguinolenta they are usually narrowly tipped.


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© Arne Aronsen 2002-2023